More and more Americans are filing medical malpractice suits in the U.S. — but not because doctors are doing a worse job. In fact, they’re doing roughly the same quality job. However, consumers today are more savvy and informed about how to file a lawsuit. That puts more and more doctors on edge. So, before you file suit, make sure you understand a few important aspects of the filing process.
Are You Filing a Suit For Negligence?
Just because a doctor made a mistake on a medical exam, or misdiagnosed you, doesn’t mean that he was negligent. He could have honestly thought that a diagnosis was correct, or made a simple error. After all, even skilled doctors make mistakes.
Differential diagnostics isn’t an exact science, and mistakes can be made quite often based on incomplete information, but a misdiagnosis means that the doctor did not include the correct diagnosis on the differential list where another doctor under similar circumstances would have. Negligence can also be found if the doctor included the correct diagnosis on the differential list but he or she failed to do appropriate tests — or seek out a second opinion — to confirm the diagnosis.
If neither of these circumstances are true, it’s difficult to find for negligence in a lawsuit.
Was There A Diagnostic Test Error?
Errors in diagnostic testing are not uncommon, and when a doctor fails to find anything on a test, it’s easy to dismiss patient concerns and say that a negative is really a negative result, even when the patient still complains of symptoms that indicate the test is a false negative.
Some diagnostic tests are not exclusive; rather, they’re only inclusive, which means they will find a positive if it exists, but if they do not find that positive it doesn’t mean that the patient isn’t positive for some illness or dysfunction.
To prove an error in diagnostic testing, you must prove that the diagnostic equipment was faulty and/or that human error occurred. So, for example, if your specimen or sample was contaminated in the lab, this would constitute a diagnostic error. If you had a personal injury and a technician missed something in an x-ray or MRI, this would be human error.
Were You Directly Harmed Because Of A Misdiagnosis?
If you are misdiagnosed, and that misdiagnosis resulted in harm to you, you may be able to sue based on that harm. You must prove that the doctor’s negligent misdiagnosis or a delay in diagnosis was the direct cause of your injury and that the injury you suffered was beyond what would normally have occurred if you received the correct diagnosis in time.
In some cases, patients can show harm even when the condition is treated. So, for example, if your doctor misses a cancerous tumor, and it’s later found and treated, you may think that you have no case.
But, with some cancers, there is an increased risk of recurrence if you don’t catch it soon enough — this is cause for a lawsuit because the delay in diagnosis is essentially a misdiagnosis. Most lawyers will take on this type of case, so long as you can prove that there was actual harm done as a result.
The Statutes Of Limitations In Nevada
A lot of states have a statute of limitation. This means that there is a time limit placed on your ability to file suit. If you don’t do it within the prescribed time-frame, then you’re out of luck: You can’t file, and your lawsuit is abandoned.
In Nevada, a suit must be filed within three years of injury or death, or one year after discovery of an injury, whichever comes first. If you live in the Silver State, you should seek sound advice from a Nevada-basedpersonal injury lawyer about your case as soon as possible.
By the way, there is one exception to the statute of limitations: If a doctor or hospital conceals their malpractice and prevent it from being discovered by you, then the statute of limitations is “tolled” for as long as the concealment of the alleged malpractice continues. In other words, the clock stops running until you’re able to file suit.
About the Author: Edward M. Bernstein, Esq. is one of the most recognizable figures in Nevada and one of the state’s premier personal injury attorneys. He has also served as an alternate judge for the City of Las Vegas Municipal Court, and as an alternate judge for the City of North Las Vegas. In 2000, he was Nevada’s Democratic nominee for the United States Senate.
Photo Credit: Injury Lawyers San Luis Obispo